CBD is a negative modulator of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor allosteric receptor found in our central nervous system, primarily in our brain and spinal cord. This same receptor is the one that THC binds to in order to produce its intoxicating effects. CBD can also influence non-cannabinoid receptors, such as the fifth serotonin receptor, which can treat psychotic disorders, and the TRPV1 receptor, which is responsible for pain and inflammation. Studies have linked CBD to several benefits for the heart and circulatory system, including the ability to lower high blood pressure.
CBD has been studied for its potential role in relieving the symptoms of many common health conditions, such as anxiety and neurological disorders. It can block pain signals from reaching the rest of the body by influencing the TRPV1 receptor. CBD oil is available in many forms, including oils, extracts, capsules, patches, vaporizers, and topical preparations for use on the skin. CBD is perhaps best known for its beneficial effects on anxiety and sleep.
It also interacts with several medications, including pain relievers, antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and diabetes medications. However, it is important to note that some of these health benefits are related to the use of CBD combined with THC, not just CBD. Additionally, CBD can increase the level of anticoagulants and other medications in the blood by competing for the liver enzymes that break down these medications. Before using a CBD product, it is important to talk to a health professional to discuss the appropriate dosage and any other questions you may have.
It is also important to keep in mind that CBD is marketed and sold primarily as a supplement, not as a drug. The government's position on CBD is ambiguous as it tries to determine if cannabidiol comes from marijuana or hemp. In essence, this means that CBD is legal if it comes from hemp but not if it comes from cannabis (marijuana), even if it's the exact same molecule.